Wednesday, January 12, 2011

Chemistry Form Five: Chapter 1 - Rate of Reaction

Rate of reaction = change of quantity in reactant or product per unit time.

We usually use water displacement method to collect gas in school laboratory as shown below:

  • The reaction is fastest at the start when the reactants are at a maximum (steepest gradient)
  • The gradient becomes progressively less as reactants are used up and the reaction slows down.
  • Finally the graph levels out when one of the reactants is used up and the reaction stops.
  • The amount of product depends on the amount of reactants used.
  • The initial rate of reaction is obtained by measuring the gradient at the start of the reaction. A tangent line is drawn to measure rate of reaction at instataneous time.

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