- Uranium-235 is used as a nuclear fuel at nuclear reactor. In nuclear fission, a lot of heat will be produced.
- The moderators graphite stand are made of carbon blocks with small holes used to slow down the motion of neutrons. Thus, the rate of nuclear fission can be controlled.
- The boron and cadmium rods are used as control rods to absorb some of the secondary neutrons.
- Carbon dioxide or water is used as a cooling agent in the nuclear reactor to remove the heat of reaction to make steam for turbine generator. This produces steam as heat carrier.
- The lead and concrete shielding wall prevents the escape of radioactive rays from the nuclear reactor.
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- Nuclear fission of uranium-235 produces a large amount of heat energy at the nuclear reactor.
- This heat energy is used to boil water and change it into steam at a high temperature and pressure.
- This steam turns the turbine. The used steam goes to a condenser where it is condensed into water which is then returned to the reactor for use again.
- The turbine spins the dynamo in the generator to produce electricity which is then transmitted by cables to consumers.